The textbook for this subject is Peter Murray. The Architecture of
the Italian Renaissance. New York (Schoken, 1986). It is a short essay
on the material and should be read in the first two weeks of the semester
to prepare you for the reading on key topics that will be discussed in
class. Anyone wishing a more complete treatment should turn to L. H. Heydenreich
and W. Lotz. Architecture in Italy, 1400 to 1600. Baltimore (Penguin,
1974). Wolfgang Lotz's section of this text, on the sixteenth century,
is now available as a separate paperback. Two other books are available
for purchase for this course at the Coop: James Ackerman's Michelangelo
and his Palladio,
The subjects for the course and the sequence of lectures are listed below
with the reading for each topic. All reading is on reserve at Rotch
Gombrich, E. "From the Revival of Letters to the Reform
of the Arts: Niccolo Niccoli and Filippo Brunelleschi." in Essays
in the History of Art Presented to Rudolf Wittkower, ed. D. Fraser,
H. Hibbard and M. J. Levine. London (1981).
The Architecture of the Italian Commune: Florence. John White,
Art and Architecture in Italy 1250-1400 Baltimore (1966), pp. 170-173,
Florence under Oligarchy:
A taste for architecture. Haines, M.,
"Brunelleschi and Bureaucracy: The Tradition of Public Patronage
at the Florentine Cathedral," I Tatti Studies. Essays in the
Renaissance, III (1989), pp. 89-125.
David Friedman, Monumental Urban Form in the Late Medieval Italian Comune:
Loggias and the Mercanzie of Bologna and Siena," Renaissance Studies,
XII, 3, pp. 325 - 339.
Filippo Brunelleschi.(2 lectures):
Eugenio Battisti, Filippo Brunelleschi,
New York, 1981, chapter 1 (Brunelleschi and His World), ch. 3 (Hospital
of the Innocents), ch. 5 (The Old Sacristy of S. Lorenzo).
H. Burns, "Quattrocento Architecture and the Antique," in Some
Problems in Classical Influences on European Culture, R. R. Bolgar,
ed., Cambridge University Press, 1971.
Rowland Mainstone, "Brunelleschi's Dome," The Architectural
Review, September 1977, CLXII, no. 967, pp. 157-166.
Leone Battista Alberti (2 lectures):
R. Wittkower, Architectural Principles
of the Age of Humanism, London, 1952, part 1.
Anthony Grafton, Leon Battista Alberti: Master Builder of the Italian
Renaissance, New York, 2000, chapter 2 "Humanism: The Advantages
and Disadvantages of Scholarship."
(For further reading: Leon Battista Alberti, On the Art of Building
in Ten Books, translation, J. Rykwert, N. Leach, R. Tavernor, Cambridge,
1988. Robert Tavernor, On Alberti and the Art of Building, New
Haven and London . R. Krautheimer, "Alberti's Templum Etruscum"
in Studies in Early Christian, Medieval and Renaissance Art, New York
& London, 1969.)
Private Monuments and the City. Goldthwaite, R. A., "The
Florentine Palace as Domestic Architecture," The American Historical
Review, LXXVII, 4, October, 1972, 977-1012.
Giuliano da Sangallo and Francesco di Giorgio:
Heydenreich and Lotz,
Architecture in Italy, 1400 to 1600. Baltimore (1974), chapter
7 (Urbino), ch. 13 (From the Quatrrocento to the Cinquecento).
Look at pictures: Il Libro di Giuliano da Sangallo, codice vaticano
Barberiniano latino 4424,. ed. Cristiano Huelsen, Leipzig, 1910. (in
restricted circulation at Rotch) and
Milan and Venice in the 15th century:
Heydenreich and Lotz, Architecture
in Italy, 1400 to 1600. Baltimore (1974),chapter 9 (Venice), chapter
10 (Lombardy). (Ennio Concina, A History of Venetian Architecture,
Cambridge (1998), pp. 114-174.)
Leonardo and Bramante at the Sforza court in Milan:
Bramante, London (1977), chapter 3 (The Creation of the Organic Building),
pp. 43 - 57.
Bramante in Rome. 2 lectures:
Bruschi, Bramante, London (1977), chapters
8 and 9. (The Tempietto, St. Peter's).
Raphael and Giulio Romano:
Imitation (of Antiquity) and Invention (Ornament).
Heydenreich and Lotz, Architecture in Italy, 1400 to 1600. Baltimore
(1974) chapter 15, Classical Architecgture in Rome: Raphael, pp. 167 -
177; chapter 20 Giulio Romano, pp. 227 - 233. J. Shearman, Mannerism,
Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1967, pp. 15-48.
James Ackerman, The Villa, Form and Ideology of
Country Houses, Princeton, 1990, chapters 1 and 3. Claudia Lazzaro.
The Italian Renaissance Garden, New Haven (1990), chapter 1 "Nature
and Culture in the Garden," pp. 8 - 19.
Antonio da Sangallo:
Heydenreich and Lotz, Architecture in Italy, 1400
to 1600. Baltimore (1974), chapter 17 .James Ackerman, "Architectural
Practice in the Italian Renaissance." Journal of the Society
of Architectural Historians 13 (1954): 3-11. Reprinted with commentary
and updated bibliography in Ackerman, James S. Distance Points: Essays
in Theory and Renaissance Art and Architecture. Cambridge, MA (MIT,
1991): chapter 12, pp. 361 - 384.
Drawings and Models:
Christph Frommel, " Reflections on the Early
Architectural Drawings," in The Renaissance from Brunelleschi
to Michelangelo, eds. Henry Millon and Vittorio Lampugnani, Milan
(1994), pp.101 - 122. Henry Millon, "Models in Renaissance Architecture,"
in The Renaissance from Brunelleschi to Michelangelo, eds. Henry
Millon and Vittorio Lampugnani, Milan (1994), pp. 19 - 74.
Paper Palaces. The rise of the Renaissance
Architectural Treatise, eds. Vaughn Hart with Peter Hicks, New Haven,
1998, chapter 5 "Vitruvius in Print and in Vernacular Translation,"
by Ingrid Rowland, pp 105-121; chapter 8 "The Making of the Typographical
Architect, by Mario Carpo, pp 158 - 169; chapter 11, " On Vignola's
Rule of the Five Orders of Architecture, " by Richard Tuttle, pp199
James S. Ackerman, Michelangelo, London: Zwemmer,
1961. (Pelican 1971.)
Rome in the Second Half of the Sixteenth Century:
James Ackerman, "The
Gesu in Light of Contemporary Church Design," in R. Wittkower
and I. B. Jaffe, eds.,Baroque Art: The Jesuit Contribution, New York,
1972, pp. 15-28. Charles Burroughs, "Opacity and Transparency,"
Res, 41 (Spring 2002)56 - 71. Richard Tuttle, "Jacopo Barozzi da
Vignola," in The Dictionary of Art, ed. J. Turner, New York: Grove,
1996, vol. 32, pp. 502 - 508.
Venice in the Sixteenth Century:
Ennio Concina, A History of Venetian
Architecture, Cambridge (1998), "The New Magnificence: The Cinquecento,"
pp. 173 - 236.
(for further reading. D. Howard, Jacopo Sansovino: Architectural Patronage
in Renaissance Venice, New Haven, 1975, pp. 1-61, and 120-157. M.
Tafuri, Venice and the Renaissance, Cambridge, 1990, chapter 1.
Wolfgang Lotz, Studies in Italian Renaissance Architecture, Cambridge,
1977, Chapters 3 and 5.)
James Ackerman, Palladio, Hammondsworth (1966).
Archaeology, Antiquarianism, and Artistic License:
Anthony Grafton. "The
Ancient City Restored: Archaeology, Ecclesiastical History, and Egyptology."
in Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library and Renaissance Culture. ed.
Anthony Grafton. New Haven and London (Yale University Press, 1993): 87
- 124. Anthony Grafton, Leon Battista Alberti: Master Builder of the
Italian Renaissance, New York, 2000, chapter 7, " His Lost City,
" pp. 225 - 260. Christoff Thoenes, Patterns of Transumption in /Renaissance
Architectural Theory, in Antiquity and its Interpreters,f ed. A. Payne,
A. Kuttner, and R. Smick, Cambridge University Press, 2000, 191-6. Linda
Pellechia, "Architects read Vitruvius: Renaissance Interpretations
of the Atrium of the Ancient House," Journal of the Society of Architectural
Historians, LI (1992), pp. 377-416.
Renaissance and Gothic:
R. Wittkower, Gothic vs. Classic. Architectural
Projects in Seventeenth-Century Italy, Now York (1974), pp. 19 - 21,
83 - 88 and chapter 4 "San Petronio at Bologna and Florence Cathedral,"
pp. 65 - 81. Anne-Marie Senkowich"A Reconsideration of French Renaissance
Church Architecture,' in L'eglise dans l'architecture de la Renaissance,
ed. A. Chastel and J. Guillaume, Paris: Picard, 1995, pp. 161 - 180.